What is NCDD?
The National Committee for Sub-national Democratic Development (NCDD) is the inter-ministerial mechanism for promoting democratic development through decentralization and deconcentration reforms throughout Cambodia.
NCDD was established by Royal Decree number នស/រកត/១២០៨/១៤២៩, dated on 31 December 2008. NCDD is accountable to the Royal Government of Cambodia for the implementation of the Law on Administrative Management of the Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans (Organic Law), the Law on Administrative Management of Communes/Sangkats and Decentralization and Deconcentration policy.
NCDD has the following mission:
- Design and implement the national program on democratic development at sub-national level in accordance with the Law on Administrative Management of Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans, Law on Administrative Management of Communes/Sangkats and Law on Public Financial System;
- Based on the national program, formulate annual work plans and budgets;
- Carefully review and update the national program from one phase to another;
- Consult, discuss and coordinate with all ministries/institutions in reviewing functions and responsibilities of the ministries/institutions, departments, units and authorities at all levels in order to identify functions, responsibilities, power and accountability for transferring to sub-national councils which include:
- Transfer of resources including revenue, finance, personnel, property, and capacity for managing and fulfilling the respective functions;
- Provision of capacity building and empowerment in order to get access to resources necessary for managing and fulfilling each function which includes revenue, finance, personnel, property, and capacity;
- Provision of power and duties to manage and perform all respective functions in line with the principles of local autonomy and local accountability to the maximum level.
- Prior to the transfer of functions and responsibilities to the councils at sub-national administrations, formulate procedures and formats for the integration of development plans and budgets of the ministries and institutions at sub-national level into the development plan and budget of the respective council;
- May provide recommendations to the Royal Government, or any ministries and institutions of the Royal Government, on the formulation or amendment of legal frameworks to ensure that they are consistent with the Law on Administrative Management of the Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans, Law of Administrative Management of Communes/Sangkats and policy on decentralization and deconcentration reforms;
- Discuss and coordinate with the Ministry of Economy and Finance and other relevant ministries and institutions, as necessary to prepare financial regimes and properties of sub-national administrations, including the formulation of formats, procedures, approval and implementation of the sub-national administration budgets, preparation of sources of revenues which include revenues from national and local level, transfer of supporting budgets which include conditional and un-conditional funds from national level to sub-national administrations, transfer of state properties, management and use of state properties to the sub-national administrations and properties provided to and earned by the sub-national administration themselves with planning, phasing, rationale, coordination, consultation, transparency and accountability;
- Cooperate with ministries and institutions of the Royal Government to identify policies and strategies for monitoring and reviewing the deployment of personnel, concurrent with the transfer of functions and duties, in order to establish a personnel framework for the sub-national administrations taking into account planning, rationale, consultation and transparency;
- Define types of personnel for each category of councils and define procedures and methods for reviewing and redeploying these personnel, while ensuring that the number of civil servants does not increase;
- Collaborate with State Secretariat for Civil Service and relevant ministries and institutions as necessary to develop a draft of a separate statute for civil servants of sub-national administrations;
- Ensure coordination and consultation on policies, strategies and reform programs, implemented by ministries and institutions concerned, in order to make them consistent with the Law on Administrative Management of the Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans, Law on Administrative Management of Communes/Sangkats, decentralization and deconcentration reforms as well as national programs;
- Study and determine boundaries of sub-national administrations as necessary;
- Study the growth of municipalities and urbanization as the basis for developing policies, structures and strategies for the management of the municipalities;
- Develop policies, strategies and plans for capacity building of sub-national councils and administrations;
- Cooperate in conducting studies and provide recommendations to the Royal Government for the establishment of an appropriate fund for decentralization and deconcentration reforms, in order to mobilize resources from Development Partners for the requirements of personnel and capacity development, technical support and other requirements at sub-national level including technical support for relevant ministries/institutions;
- Research, review and provide recommendations to the Royal Government on the mobilization and utilization of resources, from within and outside the country, for decentralization and deconcentration reforms;
- Investigate and formulate agreements between the Royal Government and Development Partners for the support to decentralization and deconcentration reforms, ensuring that all Development Partners are parties to such agreements and ensuring alignment and harmonization in using external assistance;
- Create an appropriate forum between the Royal Government and Development Partners for coordination, cooperation and support to decentralization and deconcentration reforms;
- Ensure the transfer of rights and responsibilities from present provincial, municipal, district and Khan administrations to Capital, provincial, municipal, district and Khan administrations established by the Law on Administrative Management of the Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans;
- Report to the Royal Government once a year on the implementation of the Law on Administrative Management of the Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans, Law on Administrative Management of Communes/ Sangkats and decentralization and deconcentration policy.